The climate in Serengeti is usually moderate and pleasant. The average temperatures are quite uniform throughout the year. It never gets very hot, but it is consistently cool to cold at night and in the early mornings. It is advisable to take warm clothing for early morning game drives. The altitude in the Serengeti varies widely from 1,140 to 2,099m (3,740 to 6,886 ft). Temperatures drop by about 6.5°C for every 1,000m you climb (or 3.5°F per 1,000ft), so even within the park, there are wide climatic variations.
Serengeti's Dry season is from June to October. There are two Wet seasons. The ‘short rains’ are from November to December, and the ‘long rains’ are from March to May. During the Wet season, it rarely rains all day, but afternoon thundershowers can be expected.
The Serengeti National Park in Tanzania was established in 1952. It is home to the greatest wildlife spectacle on earth - the great migration of wildebeest and zebra. The resident population of lion, cheetah, elephant, giraffe, and birds is also impressive. There’s a wide variety of accommodation available, from luxury lodges to mobile camps. The park covers 5,700 sq miles, (14,763 sq km), it’s larger than Connecticut, with at most a couple hundred vehicles driving around.
The Serengeti is arguably Tanzania's best park. Great herds of buffalo, smaller groups of elephant and giraffe, and many other ungulates (hooved animals) such as eland, topi, kongoni, impala and Grant's gazelle are resident at any time of the year. All three big cats are easily seen. Lion are everywhere and are often found on a kill. Cheetah are very common on the southeastern plains, while leopard can typically be found lazing in one of the big trees along the Seronera River.
The Serengeti has more than 500 bird species recorded, and the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem is one of Africa’s Endemic Bird Areas (land important for habitat-based bird conservation), hosting five bird species found nowhere else, half of which are confined to the Tanzanian portion of the ecosystem.
As with most parks and reserves, it is very safe to travel to and around the Serengeti in our opinion. Basically, the people you’ll meet are either Moonlight Tours Expedition staff or accommodations or park authorities. All these people are there to make sure you’ll have a great trip.
Malaria is a health concern, and you should take measures to protect yourself by applying mosquito repellent that contains at least 30% DEET and by taking antimalarial medication. It’s a good idea to cover up exposed skin in the evening too. Several vaccinations are also advisable when travelling to Tanzania in general and to the Serengeti – seek advice from your local healthcare professional
When watching wildlife there are certain safety risks, but you’ll be fine if you listen to the instructions given by your guide and take notice of the 'wildlife viewing safety precautions' below. Serious incidents with wildlife are extremely rare on organized safaris.
Wildlife viewing in Serengeti National Park is good throughout the year, but certain areas are better at specific times. The Dry season (from late June to October) offers the best wildlife viewing in general – with the wildebeest migration as its absolute highlight. The timing of the migration varies every year (the best chance of seeing it is during June and July) while the wildebeest calving is from late January to February.
» June and July are the best months to see the wildebeest migration in the western corridor and August to September in the north of the park
» Animals are easier to spot since they concentrate around waterholes and rivers and the vegetation is less thick
» It is mostly sunny and there is very little rain
» There are very few mosquitoes and the chance of contracting malaria is minimal
» The park gets quite crowded around the Seronera area
» Mornings and nights get cold – warm clothing is recommended for early morning game drives from June to August
» Late January to February is the time to see the calving in the southern Serengeti – this is an excellent time to see predator action
» The scenery is lush
» April and May are low season, so it's usually less crowded and rates might be lower
» Although wildlife is easier to spot in the Dry season, the Serengeti offers good wildlife viewing throughout the year
» Migratory birds are present and bird-watching is at its best
» Except for March, April and May, rains are mostly short afternoon storms and seldom interfere with your trip
» March to May is the peak of the Wet season
Most safaris to the Serengeti start from the town of Arusha. The best option to get there is to fly into Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) which is situated about 46km/29mi from Arusha. It is also possible to fly into Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR), just outside of Dar es Salaam, and use a domestic flight to get to Arusha Airport (ARK) or Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO).
The most convenient way to get from Arusha to the Serengeti is by taking a small plane to one of the various airstrips in the park. The drive from Arusha to the Serengeti is about 325km/202mi and will take about eight hours. It is a bumpy ride and, for a large part, over dirt roads – but the trip offers beautiful scenery. You’ll surely see some wildlife on the way or may even do a game drive en route.
As the trip takes you through the Ngorongoro Conservation area, a popular option is to fly one way, and drive the other way taking in an overnight stop to visit the Ngorongoro Crater. Coming from the crater, the distance to the Seronera area in the Serengeti is about 140km/90mi, and the driving time is about three hours.
Please check Skyscanner or, for multiple destination flights, check Expedia to see which airlines can take you to Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) or Arusha Airport (ARK), and what tickets would cost.
Domestic and charter flights between parks are usually booked by tour operators as part of the tour package.
» Coastal Aviation flies to Serengeti
» Safari Air Link flies to Serengeti
» Auric Air flies to Serengeti
» Air Tanzania flies to Arusha and Kilimanjaro Airport
» Precision Air flies to Arusha and Kilimanjaro Airport
» Regional Air flies to Arusha and Kilimanjaro Airport
» ZanAir flies to Arusha
» Fastjet flies to Kilimanjaro Airport
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The Serengeti ecosystem is one of the oldest on earth. The essential features of climate, vegetation and fauna have barely changed in the past million years. Early man himself made an appearance in Olduvai Gorge about two million years ago. Some patterns of life, death, adaptation and migration are as old as the hills themselves.
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Moonlight-Tours-Expedition Contact Details
Tanzania, postal Code Arusha
P:+255 (0)769 927 462 (Booking)
P:+255 (0) 692 580 536(Booking)
H: Monday - Sunday: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM East Africa Time
Superior guide Your guide will be pleasant and personable; they're an established safari guide with at least 3 years of bush experience. They will have conversational English, and will be able to correctly identify virtually all species of animals and most birds – and also have some knowledge of their behaviour. They'll have a good understanding of the local cultures, and often speak some of the local languages. They will generally admit what he doesn't know, and use references to try and find out the answers. Superior guides are used in all of the trip ideas mentioned here.