General information

he past retains its hold over the lives of many Africans, but just as many have embraced the future,..

Moonlight-Tours-Expedition Safari General Information

You are moving from home to other place around the wold,here are some few Safari helthy tips and package

Going on a safari, whether it is your first time or you are a seasoned safari goer, is still an exhilarating experience and will undoubtedly be one of the main highlights of your trip to Africa.

You spend your days waking up to the sounds of the African bush, taking exciting game drives over the plains and through the bush to spot Big 5 animals in their natural environment, and ending with a relaxed dinner under the starry night skies – there cannot be a better way to pass the time!. Although much has been written about the best time of year to travel in Africa, most countries are a year-round destination - depending upon your interests. For many travellers to this vast and diverse continent, wildlife is the major attraction. Seasonal trends might affect your trip. Weather is variable, so it is quite possible to go for days without rain during the rainy season, or have thundershowers in the middle of the dry season! The seasons play a huge role in the African wilderness, in fact it can be said that the seasons control the flow of life in Africa.

Time To Go Eastern Africa

due to the location of many of east Africa's top safari destinations - saddling the equator - there are two rainy seasons. The long rains are from March through to early May and the short rains fall around November. This affects Kenya, Uganda and the northern parks of Tanzania. The southern reserves of Tanzania such as Selous and Ruaha are generally caught between Southern African and East African climates. Here the rainy season stretches from November through to May with a short dry spell in January and February.Bush To Beach Safari...»

The Rainy Seasons of Africa

Lovely Africa Lifetime Experience

Safety is not an issue - armed, experienced guides and game rangers accompany all walks...!

Most wilderness areas in Africa rely on water for their survival and the coming of the rains signals a time of new growth - and the continuation of the cycle of life. The seasons also play a great role in the safari travel industry as many potential safari-goers plan their African safaris around 'the best time to go' to a particular area. In the past it was thought that the rainy season was a time to stay away but recent knowledge indicates that in some areas the rainy season is the best time to travel.

The idea that the rainy season is not a good time to travel probably stems from the trophy hunting business where hunting operations are generally stopped at the onset of the rains due to it been a time when many of the species give birth.

When To Go Africa..!``

When planning your African holiday it's wise to do a bit of research on when to go for the experience that you want; you don't want to start your beach holiday in cyclone season or find that the migrating herds you've arrived to see have moved on!As a general rule, Africa is warm and sunny throughout most of the year but certain countries and even regions within a country experience a variety of climates. The key thing to remember if you're planning a safari is the difference between the dry and wet seasons..

Although the weather cannot be predicted with exactitude there is a general trend when it comes to the rainy seasons of the various safari travel destinations in Africa.

Bush To Beach Safari...»

Why Go To East Africa?

East Africa delivers a classic Out of Africa safari with its rolling grasslands, rich diversity of wildlife, colourful Maasai and Samburu warriors, luxurious lodges and tented camps. Visitors are warmly welcomed and the infrastructure is excellent, especially the network of airports serving the far-flung reserves via the international air hubs of Nairobi,Kilimanjaro,Amani and Dar es Salaam. East Africa is home to two of Africa’s most popular safari destinations - Kenya and Tanzania – along with gorilla encounters in the rainforests of Uganda and Rwanda, and the tropical beaches of Zanzibar. You can find out more about some of East Africa’s best experiences, a round-up of our clients’ reviews and our own extensive travels in the region.

Delux Room

Time To Go Southern Africa Safari

Southern Africa:

Heading further south the destinations have one rainy season stretching from November through to March - with extension in some years during October and April. In Zambia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe October is the hottest month and is generally referred to as Suicide Month in some quarters.

The southern-most point of Africa:

Cape Town and environs is the exception to the hot-season rains ideal. The rainy season here is during the winter months from April through to September.

South African Summer Safari

Why is the peak season in South Africa's safari areas during the wet summer months when all other destinations peak during the dry season? Cape Town is a winter rainfall region with the tourism peak in the dry summer months and as the city is Africa's most-visited tourist attraction the rest of the country fits in to accommodate this influx.

Southern Africa Safari Details

A Southern Africa safari is all about diversity. Some of Africa's most iconic and wildly different travel destinations such as Victoria Falls, the Kruger Park, Lake Malawi and the Namib Desert dunes are found in the region, and there are plenty of places that still lie far off the beaten path..

Using Johannesburg or Cape Town as your international entry points, the top destinations in Southern Africa are easy to reach, easy to combine, and thanks to modern logistics and infrastructure, easy to enjoy. Most destinations are suitable for families with children (South Africa offers excellent malaria-free Big 5 safaris) and there are enough honeymoon hideaways, 5-star hotels and rural retreats to satisfy all tastes and budgets.

A Southern Africa safari is all about diversity. Some of Africa's most iconic and wildly different travel destinations such as Victoria Falls, the Kruger Park, Lake Malawi and the Namib Desert dunes are found in the region, and there are plenty of places that still lie far off the beaten path..

"We pack everything in a small backpack, rather than use the duffel bags which Moonlight Tours Expedition supplies, which would need to be checked. We love not having to check any baggage!."

What To Bring On Safari?

Packing for an African safari is always a challenge, and Moonlight Tours Expedition often takes last-minute calls from guests seeking help packing their bags, which is understandable. You’ll be away from home over two weeks, traveling in places where it is hard to pop out for extra socks or your favorite brand of sunscreen. And maximum weight limits for luggage can be as light as 33 pounds per person in East Africa, or 41 pounds per person in Southern Africa. Here, one of Moonlight Tours Expedition most well-traveled safari-goers, Cynthia Tuthill, shares her secrets for packing everything she needs for her safari into a single carry-on.

Welcome to our SAFARI Equipments guiding Tips

Always Afordable,with the the Best Service From Your Best Service Provider

You will need clothes for hiking during the day, lounging in the evening, and for sleeping. Layers are important as temperature varies greatly. Kilimanjaro and most Africa mountains may be near the equator, but it gets cold up there! You want your inner layer to be wicking-no cotton. Your next layer should be insulating and warm, and your top layer should be water proof but breathable. We wear one set of safari clothes (colored beige, khaki, green, or brown) on the plane. This not only saves packing space, but leads to rather fun conversations (typically starting with “Are you going on safari?”). Here is what I wear:

Mountain Wearing

  • Shorts , for first and last day only
  • Pants, for hiking and for lounging in the evening
  • Short-sleeved or t-shirt
  • Long-sleeved shirt, for hiking and for lounging in the evening
  • Long underwear
  • Fleece pants
  • Down jacket, needed in hot rainforest and cold snow
  • Rain pants, needed in hot rainforest and cold snow
  • Underwear
  • Sport bras, for women
  • Safari Wearing

  • T-shirt
  • Long sleeve shirt (with sleeves that roll up; for example from Exofficio)
  • Vest
  • Zip-off pants
  • Hiking boots (or light-weight walking shoes in safari colors would be fine, too)
  • Safari hat (a Tilly-style is fine; I love the leather one that we bought in Namibia on one of our trips!)

  • Sleeping bag [Rated-25 degrees C/-10 degrees F or colder is recommended]
  • Sleeping pad and repair kit
  • Tent are supplied by Moonlight Tours Expedition at no charge
  • Foam sleeping pads are provided by Moonlight Tours Expedition at no charge [ The more rest is highly recommended, however]
  • Water bottles and Camelback [2-3] Get 3 litters of bottled water before the trip [ Available at any super market] Your guides will boil water for you along the route, or use steripens for water sanitization. To prevent water from freezing in summit day, keep your water source inside your jacket. For camelbacks, blow air back into the bladder after each sip and drink often.
  • Gatorade or other drink mix helps with taste and minerals.
  • Water filter or iodine purification tablets
  • Sun hat with brim
  • Sunglasses
  • Bandana
  • Money [$400 or more in cash and /or travellers cheques, including some small U.S., Euro, or Tanzanian bills ski or trekking poles] *Headlamp or flashlight
  • Camera, film, tripod
  • Video camera, tapes
  • Batteried-Bring extra sets for headlamp/flashlight and camera as cold weather shortens their life
  • Binocular
  • Note book,journal,pencil,and pen pocket knife
  • Electricity adapter
  • Energy bars, hard candy, snacks, and comfort foods
  • Playing cards, games,books,Frisbee,football,kite
  • Chocolate or pens for village children, momentos for guides,porters and other climbers. Umbrella,particulary useful in the rainy season, can be purchased in the market for around $2
  • Plastic bags and zip-lock bags for waterproofing
  • Sewing kit salt,pepper, and spices for bland food
  • Business cards
  • Alarm clock
  • Calculator [for currency conversion]
  • Swim suit for hotel swimming pool

East African local time is G.M.T + 3, Southern African GMT + 2; that means 11 / 10 hours ahead of Pacific, and 8 / 7 hours ahead of East coast times. If you only have a short total time away from home, maximize your time in Africa. However, with a total of up to 16 hours of flying to get there, some people like to take a couple of day’s stopover in Europe to catch up on the jetlag before starting out on their safari.

Some airfares will allow this at no extra cost.The wildlife is at its most active in the early morning and evening, so expect some early starts! Much of the game rests during the heat of the day, you can do also! Midday reading in the quiet of your world with only the African bush sounds around you is bliss. About three weeks before you leave, we will send you a “departure letter” containing all your contact points, and how family, friends, and if necessary, secretaries can reach you! Many camps, but certainly not all, have WI-Fi, though most all that run very slow. This will work well enough for small E mails, but not for very large files or uploading photo to the Cloud.

PLease don’t let this frustrate you! Cellphone coverage continues to increase everywhere in Africa, but not always in the camp you are in … unless you climb a tree to get a signal! Be sure to check with your local provider about the roaming charges before you leave to ensure you are not met with a huge bill upon your return. Some people rent satellite phones, which – but remember, we hope you are taking a holiday!! Once outside the cities, Land line telephones are in short supply, but everywhere you stay has their own communications, so urgent messages can reach you, and vice versa. Most camps have satellite phones for emergency use.

What To Bring On Safari?

Natural Beauty

Africa. There's nowhere like it on the planet for wildlife, wild lands and rich traditions that endure. Prepare to fall in love. Whether you're a wide-eyed first-timer or a frequent visitor, Africa cannot fail to get under your skin. The canvas upon which the continent's epic story is written is itself astonishing, and reason enough to visit. From the tropical rainforests and glorious tropical coastline of Central Africa to the rippling dunes of the Namib Desert, from the signature savannah of the Serengeti to jagged mountains, green-tinged highlands and deep-gash canyons that mark the Great Rift Valley's continental traverse – wherever you find yourself on this big, beautiful continent, Africa has few peers when it comes to natural beauty.

New Africa

The past retains its hold over the lives of many Africans, but just as many have embraced the future, bringing creativity and sophistication to the continent's cities and urban centres. Sometimes this New Africa is expressed in a creative-conservation search for solutions to the continent's environmental problems, or in an eagerness to break free of the restrictive chains of the past and transform the traveller experience. But just as often, modern Africans are taking all that is new and fusing it onto the best of the old.

Ancient Africa

On this continent where human beings first came into existence, customs, traditions and ancient rites tie Africans to generations and ancestors past and to the collective memory of myriad people. In many rural areas it can feel as though the modern world might never have happened, and they are all the better for it, and old ways of doing things – with a certain grace and civility, hospitality and a community spirit – survive. There are time-honoured ceremonies, music that dates back to the days of Africa's golden empires, and masks that tell stories of spirit worlds never lost. Welcome to Old Africa.

Wildlife Bonanza

A Noah's ark of wildlife brings Africa's landscapes to life, with a tangible and sometimes profoundly mysterious presence that adds so much personality to the African wild. So many of the great beasts, including elephants, hippos and lions, call Africa home. Going on safari may be something of a travel cliché, but we're yet to find a traveller who has watched the wildlife world in motion in the Masai Mara, watched the epic battles between predator and prey in the Okavango Delta, or communed with gorillas and surfing hippos in Gabon and has not been reduced to an ecstatic state of childlike wonder.

Travel Tips

Requirements to get into the country:


Visas are compulsory for all visitors, and cost depends on the country visiting - Tanzania Kenya Uganda Ethiopia South Africa,Madagascar Namibia Botswana Rwanda Zambia Zimbabwe Egypt Nepal & Israel. Tanzania Visas are obtainable at the airport when you arrive, but rather have one before you land, as officials tend to “not have change”. Visas are obtainable from the Tanzanian Embassy. Please contact us should you want the Embassy address in your area. You will need 2 passport photos and 2 completed forms. Should you not have the time to organize a visa, please contact us and we will gladly assist you for a small fee.

Yellow Fever inoculation certificate

The inoculation is obtainable from your nearest travel clinic or from your local physician. Staple it into the front of your passport if you are afraid of losing it. Most African countries require this certificate, so don’t ever be without it when traveling in Africa.

Malaria Tablets

Zanzibar is situated in a malaria zone, so it is recommended that you consult your physician on the prescription right for you. Pregnant women are not allowed to take Malaria prevention drugs, and are cautioned before entering any malaria area. To set your mind at rest, we stayed in Zanzibar for 2 years, and fortunately never contracted malaria. This is not to say you won’t get it.. JUST BE CAREFUL.

Insect/ Mosquito repellent

Mosquitoes, like little vampires, favor night conditions. Be sure to take a repellent, and cover all exposed areas of your body (e.g. neck and arms). We recommend that you wear trousers at night and long sleeved shirts should you be outdoors. If the heat is too much and you wear a short sleeved shirt, make sure you smear/ spray your arms with repellent. At night before you go to bed, make sure your mosquito net is either touching the ground, or is tucked in, and your exposed areas (especially your ankles) are protected with repellent. Anti-histamine cream For those irritating bites


Traveler’s cheques and cash are accepted at hotels and Bureau de Changes. US$ are the preferred currency. If you plan on taking cash, make sure you take large bills (e.g. $50 or $100) as these for some unknown reason always get a better rate. Don’t go running to the first Bureau you see at the airport, as these, along with the hotels and resorts, normally have the worst exchange rate. If you are planning on taking a taxi into town, rather pay the fare in US$ and go to a bureau in town. There are many all over town. Try to negotiate a better rate, you never know.Try to pay for as much as possible in the local currency (Tanzanian Shillings,Kenya Shilings,Ugandan Shilings, South African Rand, Zambian kwacha,Botswana Pula, Egyptian pound, Ethiopian birr, Rwandan franc, Zimbabwean Bond Coins ), always bearing in mind the exchange rate. If the locals see you have foreign currency, they will try to relieve you of it. ALWAYS haggle or bargain and try to pretend you know what you are doing. Remember to keep some of your home currency for your return, just in case. You will also have to pay a departure tax of $30 when you leave.

Tanzania Embassies

There are a few consulates on the island, but all embassies are situated in Dar Es Salaam.


Make sure you consult your physician before coming to Tanzania if you have any health problems. Medical facilities in the country are very restricted, so best to make sure. The flying Doctor service is available. Please contact us if you require any more info on this.

Travel insurance

It is imperative that you have travel insurance. Even though they do not check any certificates when you enter the airports, for your own peace of mind, make sure that you are adequately covered.

What to pack

Light sandals or rubber flip-flops. Some places require you to remove your shoes before entering. Good walking shoes if you plan on doing a lot of sight seeing.Raincoat or umbrella if you are traveling in the rainy season. Monsoon rains are heavy. Flashlight, for those irritating power cuts. Many hotels do have generator backup systems though. Clothes – these should be light as it is very hot and humid. A jersey or windbreaker is recommended for those winter nights (just in case). Women are “frowned upon” for wearing revealing clothes. Mini-skirts are a definite no. Try to wear shorts (no not hot pants) or a long skirt, and try to keep the shoulders covered.


There are many Internet cafes in major towns and at some of the hotels and resorts, so in a non-emergency, this is the best form of communication. Charges range from Tsh1,000 to Tsh5,000 (about $1 to $5) for an hour’s connection. The local telephone company TTCL is inadequate, so if you need to phone internationally, best you ask at the Internet café. They usually have facilities, or they will be able to direct you to someone who has. Be careful, it may be expensive.


This is the same as the UK and in South Africa, being 220/230 V. Do not leave appliances plugged in all day, as there are many power fluctuations which might destroy them. US Citizens will have to get an adapter and a transformer for Zanzibar power. If your plug does not match, then enquire at a local shop, they should be able to assist.


If you are planning on renting a car or motorbike, make sure you have a VALID international driver’s license. You will be stopped in one of the many roadblocks, and often police are just looking for a bribe. Bribery has become a culture amongst the police, so make sure you have the correct documentation, to avoid having to pay a bribe. If you plan on driving in AFRICA, make sure you know the roads, as there are many one way streets and the drivers are reckless. If a police car approaches with a siren hailing, you have to pull over to the side of the road and stop, no matter which way it is going. Once it has passed, you may pull out and continue.

Welcome to our SAFARI guiding Tips

Always Afordable,with the the Best Service From Your Best Service Provider

Before climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro, most climbers often start worrying about the porter and guide’s tip before the climb starts. They want to know how much it will affect their budget, and to make sure they are paying a good tip. Moonlight Tours Expedition philosophy is just like service in a restaurant, a climbing tip should only be given if you received good service from us. A typical porter on an seven day climb should receive around a $40 tip; a cook could receive about $80; and a head guide could receive $100 or more. These tips are divided by the total number of people in the group, not per person. A general estimate, for your budget, per Kilimanjaro climber runs from about $250 to $450 per person depending upon the following factors: the number of people in your group, the number of the porters, number of guides, cooks and sometimes the route. It’s impossible to predict an exact tip in advance because it really depends upon how much gear is brought up the mountain and how much weight is brought up the mountain. There is no a de facto standard of tipping for all companies, it’s only a recommendations from organizations, NGOs and the Tanzanian government. Some higher-end companies have seen tips in excess of these recommendations. Some budget companies have seen tips lower than this.

A couple things to remember when tipping Kilimanjaro porters:
Tip directly to the porters, not the guides.

Bring a packet of letter size envelopes to distribute the tip
Determine a tip for each component of your climbing group: the porters, cooks, assistant guides, and the lead guide. Distribute it on the final morning of the descent usually at Mweka Camp or the Park Gate Tip in either Tanzanian Shillings or US Dollars The average Tanzanian makes $40 per month. A $40 tip for difficult work for many days is a great wage and supports the local economy.

    Generally speaking,an example of a tips break down like this
  • Porters $5 per day per porter
  • Cooks $8 to $10 per cook
  • Assistant Guides $8 to $10 per guide
  • Kilimanjaro Guides $20 per day per guide
  • Safari Guides $20 per day and up per guide
  • In other words, if you had four porters, 2 assistant guides and 1 lead guide. The total trip would be around $420.
  • 4 porters X $40 = $160 Total
  • 2 assistant guides X $80 = $160
  • 1 lead guide X $100 = $100
  • Total = $420 / Number of people in the group Please Note: Tip amounts listed for Kilimanjaro and safari are per group, not per individual traveler. For instance, if four people are on safari, they should each contribute $5/day if they want to tip the driver.

    Medical Considerations

  • All travelers should visit their personal physician 4-8 weeks before departure. Talk to your doctor about the following:
  • → Vaccinations
    → Hepatitis A
    → Hepatitis B
    → Typhoid
    → Yellow fever
    → Tetanus
    → Polio
    → MMR (measles, mumps, rubella
    → Meningococcal Meningitis (Africa/Asia)
    → Japanese encephalitis (Asian regions
    → Malaria pills (equatorial regions
    → Altitude sickness/Diamox pills (for high altitude travel/trekking)
    → Prescriptions you are currently taking
    → EKG testing
    Should you require any medication whatsoever, you must provide your own and be able to administer it yourself. Medical supplies in other countries are not reliable or guaranteed. Bring adequate supplies of all medications in their original containers, clearly labeled. Carry a signed, dated letter from the primary physician describing all medical conditions and listing all medications, including generic names. VACCINATION CERTIFICATE You will need a Yellow Fever Certificate of Vaccination for this. DENGUE FEVER → Dengue Fever has been reported in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness, but seldom causes death.
    → More Information:

Insect protection measures are essential in all areas where malaria is reported. The number of cases of malaria has risen sharply in recent years, due in part to internal migration and the spread of irrigation for rice and cotton farming. Wear long sleeves, long pants, hats and shoes (rather than sandals). Apply insect repellents containing 20-35% DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) or 20% picaridin (Bayrepel) to exposed skin (but not to the eyes, mouth, or open wounds).


We recommend that you always drink bottled or treated water.


Trekking is a strenuous adventure and should not be undertaken if you have any health conditions which may put you at risk. You are strongly advised to consult your physician for a thorough medical check-up and clearance before attempting a trek in the mountain. If you are over 50 years old, talk to your doctor about doing a “stress EKG”.

ALTITUDE SICKNESS (for High Altitude Trekking)

Many people will experience the effects of high altitude. Take precautions to avoid altitude sickness if you are prone to it. Be sure to try a hot tea or an infusion of coca leaves on arrival at altitude. During your first day move slowly and eat lightly, resting the first couple of hours. Travel to high altitudes is generally not recommended for those with a history of heart disease, lung disease, or sickle cell disease.


→ Center for Disease Control (CDC) Traveler Information Center


→ Travelers Vaccines for U.S. Residents →Health Recommendations for Travel Around the World

Guides & Porters

Every climbing group will have at least 1 lead guide, 1 assistant guide per 4 clients, 1 cook, and 3-4 porters per climber. On the first day of your climb, ask the guide to introduce you to the entire staff. You should have the same number of staff at the beginning of the trek and the end of the trek. Our guides and porters are paid good standard wages. They are provided healthy food, good tents, warm sleeping bag, and mountain clothing as needed at no charge. Sick and injured porters will be treated just as a client would be. Our porters carry 20kg of group equipment plus 5kg of their personal gear. Your porters will stay with you for the entire trek. Tanzania Joy Tours ensures that the mountain staff is treated with great respect. We help with classes on first aid, HIV/AIDS, financial responsibility, customer service, and English. More Information: Kilimanjaro Porters Assistance Project (KPAP)

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